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Performance-Based Design for Fire Safety

Event code: 78051

Performance-Based Design for Fire Safety
– Smoke Control Design

High rise buildings are provided with smoke control ventilation to allow occupants safe passage to evacuate or clear the smoke during fire. The interaction between efficiency of evacuation and smoke control system forms part of the performance-based fire safety design.

This workshop aims to provide participants an understanding of various strategy for evacuation, design of escape routes and their efficiency such as simultaneous and phased. Design of smoke control system for various purposes including means of escape will be discussed.

Learning Outcome
At the end of the workshop, participants should be able to:
a) Understand the prescriptive and performance-based means of escape design requirements
b) Learn the different evacuation strategy
c) Know the smoke control strategy management and different ventilation methods
d) Discuss the smoke control requirements for high rise building and atrium

Occupant Evacuation Management
Session 1: Overview of Means of Escape Design
• Prescriptive / Performance-based
• Detection and alarm, Travel distance, door
and stair width provisions
Session 2: Evacuation Strategy
• Simultaneous
• Phased
• Progressive, Staged
Session 3: Required Evacuation time
• Human response
• Tenability criteria
• Pre-movement time
• Travel time
Session 4: Case Study

Smoke Control Management
Session 5: Overview of Smoke Management
• Objective
• Smoke Control Strategy
Session 6: Method of Ventilation
• Natural ventilation
• Mechanical ventilation
• Stair/Lobby pressurization
Session 7: Steady State Fire and Smoke
Plume Calculation
• Axi-symmetric plumes
• Spill plumes
Session 8: High Rise Building
• Protection of Staircases and common area
• Evacuation Strategy
• Offices/residential
• Comparison of natural, mechanical and pressurization
Session 9: Atrium
• Design Objectives
• Performance criteria
• Design method

DR TIMOTHY LIU obtained his PhD from the University of Manchester, and subsequently lectured in the same university. He has conducted researches in structural design and structure fire engineering, and has written a few publications on these topics. The primary interest of his research is the development of a finite element package for the assessment of performance of structures in fire.
Being an independent fire consultant, Dr Liu provides fire safety strategy and conducts fire engineering design for many high profile projects, in terms of project value and/or innovation. With his vast experience and familiarity with British Standard, European and NFPA design codes, Dr Liu has been invited to work in many projects in worldwide,  including high-speed rail tunnels in Taiwan, casino in Macau, and indoor ski slope of UAE. Many of these involved specific smoke control system for the various purposes from occupant protection to property protection. Dr Liu is the principal author of some fire engineering computer software such as TRAD (building radiation) and CAFÉ (general fire engineering application) which have been used widely by many fire consultants and regulatory bodies in the UK, Canada, including Singapore.

• Architects
• Fire Safety Engineers
• Mechanical Engineers


7th Run: TBC
Duration: 2 days
Time: 9.00am to 6.00pm
Venue: BCA Academy
Fee (incl of GST): S$850.00
Lunch and refreshments will be provided.

PEB: Pending
SCDF (for Fire Safety Engineers): Pending

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